PRIVATE - CERTIFICATES AND DOCUMENTS

For any flight, what personal documents must you bring with you?
You must have a medical certificate, a pilot certificate, and a government issued photo ID in your possession.

How do you know if your pilot certificate is valid?
The validity of a pilot certificate is based on whether or not the pilot has completed a flight review, or upgraded their pilot certificate in the last 24 months.

How long does the flight review take to complete?
Flight reviews must consist of at least 1 hour of ground instruction and 1 hour of flight instruction.

If you do not complete a flight review within 24 months, what happens to your certificate?
You may not exercise the privileges of that certificate.

As a pilot how can you get paid to fly?
The most common way to get paid as a private pilot is to get reimbursed for the pro rata cost of the flight. You may also be reimbursed for the total cost of the flight if the flight is for search and rescue purposes, if conducting a charity flight, or if operating for disaster relief. Other examples of getting paid to fly include; flights that are incidental to a non-flying business, an aircraft salesperson demoing an aircraft (pilot must have 200 hours), and towing a glider or an ultra light aircraft if they meet the requirements in FAR 61.69.

Are there any limitations to the different types of airplanes you could fly after getting your private pilot certificate?
First you may only fly the airplanes you are qualified to fly. For example, Airplane Single Engine Land aircraft. Also within this ASEL limitation, you can't fly any airplane with more than 200 horsepower, that is a tailwheel, that is capable of flying at altitudes above 25,000 feet, or has retractable gear, retractable flaps and a controllable pitch propeller, unless you have the appropriate endorsements.

What is needed if the airplane is over 12,500lbs?
In order to operate an airplane that has a maximum takeoff weight more than 12,500lbs you must be trained in the aircraft and receive a type rating.

Are you required to log all your flights?
No, you are only required to log flights which you will need to show proof of when applying for an additional rating or certificate, or when showing proof of meeting recent flight experience requirements.

When is a safety pilot required for a flight?
Anytime the other pilot is using a view limiting device.

In the above question, can both the pilots log PIC time?
Yes, in this situation both pilots are required for the flight.

What must you do to carry passengers for both day and night flights?
For a day flight, you must complete 3 takeoffs and 3 landings within the proceeding 90 days. For a night flight, you must complete 3 takeoffs and 3 landings to a full stop within the preceding 90 days.

If you are night current, are you day current as well?
Yes, but this rule doesn't apply the other way around.

When can you start logging night landings?
You may log night landings 1 hour after sunset up until 1 hour before sunrise.

Where are official sunset times found?
You can either ask the control tower, or reference the airman's almanac.

Would these landing requirements be any different if you were flying in a tailwheel airplane?
Yes, all your landings would need to be to a full stop, regardless of the time of day.

How long after a change of address do you have to notify the FAA?
You must notify the FAA within 30 days of an address change. An easy way to make this change is to make the change via the FAAs' website.

What will happen if you don't notify the FAA of your address change?
You will be unable to exercise the privileges of your pilot certificate until you do so.

What class of medical certificate is required for your certificate?
To exercise the privileges of a private pilot certificate, you must hold at least a third class medical.

What is the duration of a third class of medical certificate?
A third class medical certificate will last 60 months for those who received the medical certificate before their fortieth birthday, and 24 months for those who received their medical certificate after their fortieth birthday.

What are the different types of medical certificates and what each is used for?
There are three different types of medical certificates, first, second, and third. The first is needed when exercising the privileges of an ATP certificate. The second is needed when exercising the privileges of a commercial pilot certificate. And the third is needed when exercising the privileges of a private pilot certificate. 

What happens after a first class medical expires?
When receiving a first class medical certificate, if even though not specifically stated, you hold a first, second, and a third class certificate. When the first class expires, your certificate will remain as a third for the following 48 months if under 40 years of age, or as a second for 6 months and as a third for 18 months if over 40 years of age. To sum this up, for under forty is 12 (1st), 12 (2nd), and 60 (3rd) months, and for over forty is 6 (1st), 12 (2nd), and 24 (3rd) months.

What documents are required to be in the airplane for a non-international flight?
Prior to any flight the pilot in command must make sure the airworthiness certificate, registration, operating manual for that specific airplane, and the empty weight and balance data sheet are on board. (AROW)

How long does the airworthiness certificate remain valid for?
The airworthiness certificate is valid as long as all the maintenance inspections have been complied with, and the aircraft has not had any major modifications.

Can you have more than one airworthiness certificate?
Yes, depending on which certificate is being used, the aircraft may be operated and equipped differently as compared to the other certificate.

What will you do if the airworthiness certificate is not in the airplane?
You must find it. If the certificate is not in the airplane, it was probably revoked by the FAA in order to prevent the aircraft from flying, or someone misplaced it.

What are some conditions that would void the registration certificate?
The ownership is transferred, the registration certificate holder loses citizenship, the aircraft is destroyed, or the registration certificate has expired.

If the POH is missing can you use one of your own?
No you may not. The official POH has been certified by the FAA.

Is a weight and balance calculation required?
For part 91 operations the weight and balance calculations are not required to be completed before for each flight, but you must be confident that you are within the weight balance limitations. Consider that you may be stopped by the FAA and asked to calculate the weight and balance for your flight. So in the end, it's always best to have a pre-calculated weight and balance information sheet on-board so you won't ever have to calculate this information with the FAA watching over your shoulder.

Where is the airplanes' serial number?
The aircraft serial number is typically located on a small metal plate on the rear portion of the fuselage.

What are aircraft placards?
Aircraft placards are posted notifications inside the aircraft to inform the pilot of certain procedures or limitations regarding to the operation of that aircraft.

Are the placards required?
Yes, all the placards are required. If a placard is missing, you may find a replacement in the POH.

How would you replace a missing placard?
A list of required placards is in the POH. You would need to cut the missing one out and repost it in the correct position.

What is an STC?  

An STC is a supplemental type certificate which is issued to aircraft that have undergone modifications that change the aircraft performance.