INSTRUMENT - CROSS COUNTRY

The following questions are based on a simulated flight from KLGB to KSAN. Please preplan a navigation log, and have a weather briefing for this flight.

Prior to departure what type of information must you become familiar with?

What charts/publications will you need for this flight?

Why do you want a VFR chart on board for an IFR flight?

What types of NOTAMs would be problematic for this flight?

What equipment is required to be installed in the aircraft for instrument flight?

What are the maintenance requirements?

After checking that all the required maintenance has been preformed, you notice two squawks. One stating the VSI is INOP and the other stating the turn coordinator is INOP. What required actions would you have to take in order to depart IFR?

After taking the appropriate steps to fix the failed VSI, could there be any other problems?

When do you need to file an IFR flight plan?

What is a Tower Enroute Clearance?

When must you list an alternate airport on an IFR flight plan?

If you go into an airport that has VFR weather, but doesn't have an IAP, do you need to file an alternate?

What would be the last fix on the flight plan for the above question?

Do you need to file an alternate if you're using tower enroute?

How would you file an alternate for a tower enroute flight?

What are the standard alternate weather requirements if non standards are not listed?

If there is not a TAF for your alternate airport, how will you determine what the weather will be like at your arrival time?

What airport would you choose for an alternate?

What are the three factors in determining which airport should be the alternate?

If you were to choose KLGB as an alternate, what would the weather requirement for choosing this airport as an alternate?

If an alternate is required, how much fuel is required for this flight?

By the time you get ready to conduct the flight, the KLGB control tower is closed. How will you receive an IFR clearance to KSAN?

How would you get a clearance at an airport without clearance delivery?

What is the significance of a clearance void time?

What is the purpose of a hold for release time?

How many minutes in advance should you file your IFR flight plan, and how long will it be on file?

Demonstrate filing an IFR flight plan.

Would there be any benefit to filing a composite flight plan for this flight?

While listening to the ATIS, you hear that the VOT is OTS. How will you conduct the VOR check?  

Is there any limitations to where you can conduct KLGB VOT?

What are the different types of VOR checks?

How often do the VORs need to be checked, and what needs to be recorded when doing these checks?

Where is an acceptable location for recording the VOR check?

If one VOR is acceptable and the other is not, can you depart IFR?

When is it required to turn on your navigation lights?

During your taxi, how will you check all necessary instruments and equipment for you IFR flight?

How can you test the ELT?

If the controller issues you a clearance you are unable to comply with, such as assigning you an RNAV departure, how will you handle this situation?

What are the weather requirements to takeoff from KLGB?

Is taking off in zero zero safe?

If there aren't any takeoff minimums for your flight what should be your personal takeoff minimums?

Can you locate a departure runway at KLGB that requires a greater than standard takeoff weather requirement for commercial operators?

Why are you given the option to takeoff with a 400 foot ceiling and 1 and 1/2 SM or standard with a minimum climb rate of 321 feet per NM to 500?

Even though as a part 91 operator you don't need to comply with takeoff weather requirements, do you need to comply with non standard climb rare requirements?

If the climb performance is not stated, what is the minimum/standard climb rate?
Based on a 25L departure, what would your minimum climb rate need to be?

What is the difference between feet per NM and feet per minute?

How would you convert feet per NM into feet per minute?

What type of departure would you use for this flight?

Which departure would be the better choice of the two?

What must a pilot posses in the cockpit in order to accept the ANAHM3 DP?

On the ANAHM3 DP, each of the transition VORs have letters and numbers below them. For example, the Hector VOR has L-4, H-7 at the bottom of the NAVAID box. What do these represent?

For this DP, what would the departure frequency be?

If on a obstacle DP the routing is to "climbing left turn direct to SLI," what altitude will you begin your turn after rotation?

On the initial climb out, you notice airspeed gradually increasing. What could be causing this, and then what would be your corrective action? 

If you were unable to fix this airspeed indicator problem, what would you do?

If you were to fly the obstacle departure procedure, what would be the minimum altitude you would maintain from PADDR to SLI?

After leveling off, what will you cruise checklist consist of?

For this flight you have determined a time enroute. What will your cruise speed be? How do you set your power for this speed? What will be your fuel burn with this power setting?

Why would you request a cruise clearance?

Where will you find the routing to KSAN?

In the AFD you will find multiple routes from KLGB to KSAN, which one is the correct route?

Which altitude will fly this route at?

By maintaining this altitude, what are you assured of?

Is there a higher altitude than 5,000 feet for this route of flight?

The AFD states 5000, would you need to climb higher?

If you are approaching a VOR enroute and the MEA is 5000 feet higher on the next leg. When should you begin your climb to the new MEA?

When ATC assigns you a new altitude, what rate of climb or descent are you expected to use?

Within what distance from the airway centerline is this assured at?

What is the maximum altitude you could climb to over ELB and still receive navigation reception?

What are the different types of VORs and what are their service volumes?

How can you determine if a VOR is a terminal, low altitude, or high altitude VOR?

When does the MEA change from SLI to ELB?

Define MEA and what does it guarantee you?

South of LAX, V23 goes over the ocean. What is the minimum terrain clearance on this airway?

How do you know if the area you flying in is designated as mountainous or not?

What is the purpose of an MRA?

What is the purpose of a MAA?

Define MCA

Define MOCA

If you don't maintain the MRA, would there be a possibility of hitting an obstacle or losing navigation reception?

Define MRA

Define OROCA/MORA

Identify a MOCA on the enroute chart.

When would you fly at a MOCA altitude?

While on V64 the controller asks you to fly heading 180 and intercept V23, what is the minimum altitude for this part of your flight?

If the minimum altitude is 10,600 and the airplane has an service ceiling of 14,700, can you climb to that altitude?
What is considered a flyable route?

Will you need supplemental oxygen at 10,600 feet?

What are the oxygen requirements?

How would you get updated weather in flight?

Identify an RCO and a VOR that has a FSS frequency associated with it on your enroute chart?

How would you determine the density altitude for a victor airway?

Would altitude would you maintain if you were still maintaining radio communication?

If at any point during this flight you lose radio communications what actions must you take regarding your route and altitude?

V23 goes through restricted airspace, do you need clearance?

What are the three different ways distance is depicted on an airway?

Where is the change over point from OCN to MZB?

Why do you change over from one VOR to another?

The OCN VOR doesn't have an underlined frequency, why is this important to an instrument pilot?

Could it be possible to divert to Miramar airport?

Could you divert to Warner Spring, it's the brown airport towards the east?

How low would the clouds need to be for you to divert to this airport?

Enroute in IMC you experience an electrical failure, how will you handle this situation?

If you were to have a gyro failure in flight, how would you recognize this happening and what would you do to handle this situation? 

If you were to lose your VOR receivers while in IMC, how would you get on the ground?

What is PAR approach?

What is ASR approach?

Where are the minimums for these located?

While referencing only the compass, you are flying a heading of 090 and are assigned a heading of 360. How will you appropriately turn to this heading?

Will it ever be different than 30 degrees?

While heading south you accelerate, what will the compass indicate?

Up until MZB, what airspeed restrictions have you needed to comply with?

Prior to conducting the approach, what will be your descent/approach checklist?


When must you make position reports to ATC or FSS?

What must your position reports include?

How do you calculate the top of descent (distance out and descent rate)?

What is a STAR?

Are there any STARs into KSAN that apply to your routing?

How will you get from MZB to KSAN?

What are the different IAFs for the ILS 9 into KSAN?

What is the importance of an IAF?

What are the components of an ILS?

What are the different types of marker beacons, and what are they used for?

What is the difference between an MM and an LMM?

What navigation facilities may you substitute for the outer marker and middle marker?

What are the 3 different categories of ILS approaches, and provide a description of each?

How would you brief the ILS approach?

How can you calculate the required descent rate for this GS?

What does TCH indicate?

What does the D symbol in the AP diagram indicate?

Define MSA.

On the IAP there is a MSA. When would this information be important?

On the approach chart, the ALS has a white background with black lettering. What does this mean to the pilot?

What are the different type of approach lighting systems?

What is RCLS?

What does the dot on the top of the circle signify?

If the ILS is out of service, could you still land at this airport?

What is a visual approach and what are the requirements to execute a visual approach? 

What is a contact approach and what are the requirements to execute a contact approach?

How will you determine 1SM flight visibility?

Why would you want to do a contact approach?

Are there missed approach procedures for these?

Can you file IFR to an airport that doesn't have an instrument approach based on the assumption of doing a visual approach?

While being vectored for the approach, the controller states that the approach lighting system is INOP. How does this change your approach?

If you were to use the inoperative table, what would your minimums go up to?

While on radar vectors for the final approach course, you see that you are crossing the localizer, but you have not been cleared to intercept final, what should you do? 

The controller reports that radar contact is lost which now requires you to conduct the full approach. 
After passing SARGS outbound for the procedure turn, how long can you fly outbound before turning back inbound?

What does NoPT mean?

When can you descent from 2100 to 2000 feet?

How will you know when you cross the FAF?

Does this ILS have DME co-located with it?

What is the distance from the FAP to the MAP?

What category will you conduct your approach in?

What are the different approach speed categories?

How low can you descend on the KSAN ILS 9 approach?

Hypothetically, if KSAN were to report a ceiling of 350 feet, would you be able to see the runway at the DH?

Can the minimums for this approach change, even though you posses current charts?

In the FDC NOTAMs you will notice to different depictions regarding IAP changes, such as FI/T and FI/P. What do these abbreviation indicate?

In order to descend below the DH for landing, what must you have in sight?

What are REIL lights, and what color are they?

What color are runway edge lights?

What type of speed is your missed approach time based off of?

If the glide slope is out of service, can you still conduct this approach?

When descending to the MDA, can you descent at any rate you want? 

What is a visual descent point?
How is a VDP depicted on approach charts?

If the glide slope is OTS, and you proceed to the airport by using the LOC approach, how would you calculate your VDP?

Considering winds are typically from the west, how would you circle to land on 27?

What are the various circling radii?

During a circle to land approach, when would you start you descent from the MDA?

During a circle to land approach, when would you go missed?

How would you conduct a missed approach when on a circle to land approach?

Upon landing, how would you close your flight plan?

What determines a circle to land approach? Or in other words, why is an IAP named VOR-A instead of VOR 30?

What is the difference between VOR-A and VOR-B?

While conducting the ILS, you lose radio  communications, and at DH you must execute the missed approach. How much fuel should you consider burning at the holding fix prior to departing for your alternate?

What is the airspeed restriction at this holding fix?

What are the various holding airspeeds?

What are the holding airspeeds if the hold symbol is published on an enroute chart?

What are the Inbound holding lengths below 14,000 and above 14,000?

How do you correct for a headwind or tailwind, or crosswind in a hold?

What will you do if your missed approach procedure doesn't have a hold?

What are the requirements for determining if you need an alternate after KSAN?

What defines a ceiling?

When diverting to the alternate, what would be the minimum altitude you could descent to while on the approach?