INSTRUMENT - WEATHER

Many of the following weather questions are based off of the attached weather briefing that is linked to many of the following questions. Assume that your flight will depart at 0700Z. Pacific zulu conversion is -0800.

How will you get a weather briefing?

When should a pilot request a Standard weather briefing?

When should a pilot request an Abbreviated weather briefing?

When should a pilot request an outlook briefing?

Give a summery about the conditions listed in the attached weather briefing.

Are the conditions improving or deteriorating over the time span of the briefing?

Is there any severe weather for your route of flight?

Based on the winds aloft forecast, where is the freezing level?

Can you fly at or above freezing levels?

How will you determine which altitude to fly?

How would winds effect your choice of cruise altitude?

Why would you want to consider flight visibility when on an IFR flight?

Do the AIRMETs apply to your flight?

Are there any NOTAMs that apply to your flight?

Will you need an alternate for this flight?

If you plan on arriving into an airport without a TAF, how will you get forecasted weather information?

Could KLGB be an acceptable alternate?

Find an airport that would be acceptable as an alternate.

By just referring to the weather depiction chart, what type of weather will you encounter for your flight?

What type of weather conditions are shown on a radar summery chart?

If you fly above the echo top, will you be above the clouds?

If heavy rain is reported for your route of flight, in ways could this be a problem?

If there are areas of no echoes, does this mean the area is clear of clouds?

What type of information does a prognostic chart depict?

On a prognostic chart, what do the isobars imply?

What are the circulation patterns around a high and low pressure system?

What type of weather is produced by a low pressure system?

What type of weather is produced by a high pressure system?

What is a trough?

What is a ridge?

In the briefing, if you are informed a cold front is approaching. What type of conditions can you expect?

What conditions could you expect with the passage of a warm front?

What is a stationary front?

What is an occluded front and how would it be depicted?

How could you determine if turbulence is reported for your flight?

Why is flying into turbulence in IMC a bad idea?

When flying through turbulence is it more important to hold altitude or airspeed?

The SLI VOR has a encircled H in the frequency box. What does this indicate?

AIRMETS are issued to alert pilots to what phenomena?

How often do AIRMETS come out?

SIGMETS are issued to alert pilots of what phenomena?

Convective SIGMETS are issued to alert pilots of what phenomena?

What would you do if thunderstorms were forecasted for your route of flight?

What are the three stages of a thunderstorm and which one is most dangerous?

Is lightning always associated with a thunderstorm?
Yes.

Should you fly over, under, or around a thunderstorm?

How many nautical miles should you stay away from a thunderstorm?

What are squall line thunderstorms?

What is an embedded thunderstorm?

How would you be able to determine if there are embedded thunderstorms for your route?

Define wind shear

How would you handle flying an approach with reported wind shear?

What is a microburst?

What is virga, and what are the hazards associated with virga?

What are the hazards associated with standing lenticular clouds?

Explain wake turbulence, the effects of wind, and how to avoid it?

If icing conditions exist can you still fly this route? 
(A Cessna 152 is the aircraft in reference)

What are the three types of icing?

What conditions produce rime icing?

What conditions produce clear icing?

What are the two forms of icing?

What is freezing rain?

Why is icing dangerous?

What types of deicing is your aircraft equipped with?

If you were to fly into unexpected icing conditions, what would you do?

Can you depart with frost on the aircraft?

How does fog form?

Within what temperature dewpoint spread is fog most likely to occur?

What are the different types of fog?

What is the standard pressure, temperature, and lapse rate?

What is the difference between a METAR and ATIS?

What does SPECI indicate in a METAR?

What does R30/2400 signify?

What is RVR are the various types of RVR to SM conversions?

How do you convert C' to F'?

Know all two letter identifiers

What does VC RA signify?

Define FEW, SCT, BKN, OVC

What unique information can be obtained from a PIREP?